Oct 31

Solutions for Everything, Answers to Nothing

Gold Price Comments Off on Solutions for Everything, Answers to Nothing
Could one day’s Financial Times be the best £2.50 humanity ever spends…?
 

WEDNESDAY we picked up an issue of the Financial Times, writes Bill Bonner in his Diary of a Rogue Economist – the so-called pink paper due to its distinctive color.
 
We wondered how many wrongheaded, stupid, counterproductive, delusional ideas one edition can have.
 
We were trying to understand how come the entire financial world (with the exception of Germany) seems to be singing from the same off-key, atonal and bizarre hymnbook. All want to cure a debt crisis with more debt.
 
The FT is part of the problem. It is the choirmaster to the economic elite, singing confidently and loudly the bogus chants that now guide public policy.
 
Look on practically any financial desk in any time zone anywhere in the world, and you are likely to find a copy. Walk over to the ministry of finance…or to an investment bank…or to a think tank – there’s the salmon-pink newspaper.
 
Yes, you might also find a copy of the Wall Street Journal or the local financial rag, but it is the FT that has become the true paper of record for the economic world.
 
Too bad…because it has more bad economic ideas per square inch than a Hillary Clinton speech. It is on the pages of the FT that Larry Summers is allowed to hold forth, with no warning of any sort to alert gullible readers. In the latest of his epistles, he put forth the preposterous claim that more government borrowing to pay for infrastructure would have a 6% return.
 
He says it would be a “free lunch” because it would not only put people to work and stimulate the economy, but also the return on investment, in terms of GDP growth, would make the project pay for itself…and yield a profit.
 
Yo, Larry, Earth calling…Have you ever been to New Jersey?
 
It is hard enough for a private investor, with his own money at stake, to get a 6% return. Imagine when bureaucrats are spending someone else’s money…when decisions must pass through multiple levels of committees and commissions made up of people with no business or investment experience – with no interest in controlling costs or making a profit…and no idea what they are doing.
 
Imagine, too, that these people are political appointees with strong, and usually hidden, connections to contractors and unions.
 
What kind of return do you think you would really get? We don’t know, but we’d put a minus sign in front of it.
 
But the fantasy of borrowing for “public investment” soaks the FT.
 
It is part of a mythology based on the crackpot Keynesian idea that when growth rates slow you need to stimulate “demand”.
 
How do you stimulate demand?
 
You try to get people to take on more debt – even though the slowdown was caused by too much debt.
 
On page 9 of Wednesday’s FT its chief economics commentator, Martin Wolf (a man who should be roped off with red-and-white tape, like a toxic spill), gives us the standard line on how to increase Europe’s growth rate:
“The question […] is how to achieve higher demand growth in the Euro zone and creditor countries. [T]he Euro zone lacks a credible strategy for reigniting demand [aka debt].”
It is not enough for people to decide when they want to buy something and when they have the money to pay for it. Governments…and their august advisers on the FT editorial page…need a “strategy”.
 
On its front page, the FT reports – with no sign of guffaw or irony – that the US is developing a “digital divide”.
 
Apparently, people in poor areas are less able to pay $19.99 a month for broadband Internet than people in rich areas. So the poor are less able to go online and check out the restaurant reviews or enjoy the free pornography.
 
This undermines President Obama’s campaign pledge of giving every American “affordable access to robust broadband.”
 
The FT hardly needed to mention it. But it believes the US should make a larger investment in broadband infrastructure – paid for with more debt, of course!
 
Maybe it’s in a part of the Constitution that we haven’t read: the right to broadband. Maybe it’s something they stuck in to replace the rights they took out – such as habeas corpus or privacy. 
 
We don’t know. We only bring it up because it shows how dopey the pink paper – and modern economics – can be.
 
Quantity can be measured. Quality cannot. Broadband subscriptions can be counted. The effect of access to the internet on poor families is unknown.
 
Would they be better off if they had another distraction in the house? Would they be happier? Would they be healthier? Would they be purer of heart or more settled in spirit?
 
Nobody knows. But a serious paper would at least ask.
 
It might also ask whether more “demand” or more GDP really makes people better off. It might consider how you can get real demand by handing out printing-press money. And it might pause to wonder why Zimbabwe is not now the richest country on earth.
 
But the FT does none of that.
 
Over on page 24, columnist John Plender calls corporations on the carpet for having too much money. You’d think corporations could do with their money whatever they damned well pleased.
 
But not in the central planning dreams of the FT. Corporations should use their resources in ways that the newspaper’s economists deem appropriate. And since the world suffers from a lack of demand, “corporate cash hoarding must end in order to drive recovery.”
 
But corporations aren’t the only ones at fault. Plender spares no one – except the economists most responsible for the crisis and slowdown.
“At root,” he says of Japan’s slump (which could apply almost anywhere these days), the problem “results from underconsumption.”
Aha! Consumers are not doing their part either.
 
Summers, Wolf, Plender and the “pink paper” have a solution for everything. Unfortunately, it’s always the same solution and it always doesn’t work.
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Oct 31

Tea Leaves & $2000 Gold

Gold Price Comments Off on Tea Leaves & $2000 Gold
Yes, some people are still forecasting $2000 gold by year’s end…
 

BOB and BARB Moriarty launched 321gold.com over 10 years ago, adding 321energy.com the better to cover oil, natural gas, gasoline, coal, solar, wind and nuclear energy as well as precious metals.
 
Previously a US Marine fighter pilot, and holding 14 international aviation records, Bob Moriarty here tells The Gold Report why he’s 100% certain that a market crash is looming… 
 
The Gold Report: Bob, in our last interview in February, we had currency devaluation in Argentina and Venezuela, interest rate hikes in Turkey and South America, and a cotton and federal bond-buying program. Just eight months later in October, we’ve got Ebola, ISIS and Russia annexing Crimea plus a rising US Dollar Index. We’ve also got pullbacks in gold, silver and pretty much all commodity prices. With all this news, what, in your view, should people really be focusing in on?
 
Bob Moriarty: There is a flock of black swans overhead, any one of which could be catastrophic. The fundamental problems with the world’s debt crisis and banking crisis have never been solved. The fundamental issues with the Euro have never been solved. The world is a lot closer to the edge of the cliff today than it was back in February.
 
About ISIS, I think I was six years old when my parents pointed out a hornet’s nest. They said, “Whatever you do, don’t swat the hornets’ nest.” Of course, being six years old, I took stick and went up there and swatted the hornets’ nest, which really pissed off the hornets. I learned my lesson.
 
We swatted the hornets’ nest when we invaded Iraq and Afghanistan. What we did is we empowered every religious fruitcake in the world. We said, “Okay, here’s your gun, go shoot somebody. We’ll plant flowers.” We are reaping what we sowed. What we need to do is leave them to their own devices and let them figure out what they want to do. It’s our presence in the Middle East that is creating a problem.
 
TGR: Will stepping back allow the Middle East to heal itself, or will there be continued civil wars that threaten the world?
 
Bob Moriarty: We are the catalyst in the Middle East. We have been the catalyst under the theory that we are the world’s policemen and that we’re better and smarter than everybody else and rich enough to afford to fight war after war. None of those beliefs are true. The idea that America is exceptional is hogwash. We’re not smarter. We’re not better. We’re certainly not effective policemen.
 
The Congress of the United States has been bought and paid for by special interest groups: part of it is Wall Street, part of it is the banks and part of it is Israel. We’re just trying to do things that we can’t do. What the US needs to do is mind its own business.
 
TGR: You’ve commented recently that you’re expecting a stock market crash soon. Can you elaborate on that?
 
Bob Moriarty: We have two giant elephants in the room fighting it out. One is the inflation elephant and one is the deflation elephant. The deflation elephant is the $710 trillion worth of derivatives, which is $100,000 per man, woman and child on earth. Those derivatives have to blow up and crash. That’s going to be deflationary.
 
At the same time, we’ve got the world awash in debt, more debt than we’ve ever had in history, and it’s been inflationary in terms of energy and the stock market. When the stock and bond markets implode, as we know they’re going to, we’re going to see some really scary things. We’ll go to quantitative easing infinity, and we’re going to see the price of gold go through the roof. It’s going to go to the moon when everything else crashes.
 
TGR: How are you looking at the crash – short term, before the end of this year? How imminent are we?
 
Bob Moriarty: Soon. But I’m in the market. Not in the general market, but I’m in resources. There’s a triangle of value created by a guy named John Exter: Exter’s Pyramid. It’s an inverted pyramid. At the top there are derivatives, and then there are miscellaneous assets going down: securitized debt and stocks, broad currency and physical notes. At the very bottom – the single most valuable asset at the end of time – is gold. When the derivatives, bonds, currencies and stock markets crash, the last man standing is going to be gold.
 
TGR: So the last man standing is the actual commodity, not the stocks?
 
Bob Moriarty: Not necessarily. The stocks represent fractional ownership of a real commodity. There are some really wonderful companies out there with wonderful assets that are selling for peanuts.
 
TGR: In one of your recent articles, “Black Swans and Brown Snakes“, you were tracking the US Dollar Index as it climbed 12 weeks in a row, and you discussed the influence of the Yen, the Euro, the British Pound. Can you explain the US Dollar Index and the impact it has on silver and gold?
 
Bob Moriarty: First of all, when people talk about the US Dollar Index, they think it has something to do with the Dollar and it does not. It is made up of the Euro, the Yen, the Mexican Peso, the British Pound and some other currencies. When the Euro goes down, the Dollar Index goes up. When the Yen goes down, the Dollar Index goes up. The Dollar, as measured by the Dollar Index, got way too expensive. It was up 12 weeks in a row. On Oct. 3, it was up 1.33% in one day, and that’s a blow-off top. It’s very obvious in hindsight. I took a look at the charts for silver and gold – if you took a mirror to the Dollar Index, you saw the charts for silver and gold inversely. When people talk about gold going down and silver going down, that’s not true. The Euro went down. The Yen went down. The Pound went down and the value of gold and silver didn’t change. It only changed in reference to the US Dollar. In every currency except the Dollar, gold and silver haven’t changed in value at all since July.
 
The US Dollar Index got irrationally exuberant, and it’s due for a crash. When it crashes, it’s going to take the stock market with it and perhaps the bond market. If you see QE increase, head for your bunker.
 
TGR: Should I conclude that gold and silver will escalate?
 
Bob Moriarty: Yes. There was an enormous flow of money from China, Japan, England, Europe in general into the stock and bond markets. What happened from July was the equivalent of the water flowing out before a tsunami hits. It’s not the water coming in that signals a tsunami, it’s the water going out. Nobody paid attention because everybody was looking at it in terms of silver or gold or platinum or oil, and they were not looking at the big picture. You’ve got to look at the big picture. A financial crash is coming. I’m not going to beat around the bush. I’m not saying there’s a 99% chance. There’s a 100% chance.
 
TGR: Why does it have to crash? Why can’t it just correct?
 
Bob Moriarty: Because the world’s financial system is in such disequilibrium that it can’t gradually go down. It has to crash. The term for it in physics is called entropy. When you spin a top, at first it is very smooth and regular. As it slows down, it becomes more and more unstable and eventually it simply crashes. The financial system is doing the same thing. It’s becoming more and more unstable every day.
 
TGR: You spoke at the Cambridge House International 2014 Silver Summit Oct. 23-24. Bo Polny also spoke. He predicts that gold will be the greatest trade in history. He’s calling for $2000 per ounce gold before the end of this year. We’re moving into the third seven-year cycle of a 21-year bull cycle. Do you agree with him?
 
Bob Moriarty: I’ve seen several interviews with Bo. The only problem with his cycles theory is you can’t logically or factually see his argument. Now if you look at my comments about silver, gold and the stock market, factually we know the US Dollar Index went up 12 weeks in a row. That’s not an opinion; that’s a fact. I’m using both facts and logic to make a point.
 
When a person walks in and says, okay, my tea leaves say that gold is going to be $2000 by the end of the year, you are forced to either believe or disbelieve him based on voodoo. I don’t predict price; I don’t know anybody who can. If Bo actually can, he’s going to be very popular and very rich.
 
TGR: Many people have predicted a significant crash for a number of years. How do you even begin to time this thing? A lot of people who have been speculating on this have lost money.
 
Bob Moriarty: That’s a really good point. People have been betting against the Yen for years. That’s been one of the most expensive things you can bet against. Likewise, people have been betting on gold and silver and they’ve lost a lot of money. I haven’t made the money that I wish I’d made over the last three years, but I’ve taken a fairly conservative approach and I don’t think I’m in bad shape.
 
TGR: Describe your conservative approach.
 
Bob Moriarty: The way to make money in any market is to buy when things are cheap and sell when they’re dear. It’s as simple as that. Markets go up and markets go down. There is no magic to anything.
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Oct 30

Peak Oil? How About Peak Oil Storage?

Gold Price Comments Off on Peak Oil? How About Peak Oil Storage?
Here’s how cheap US energy promises an ‘epic’ turnaround in the US economy…
 

MATT BADIALI is editor of the S&A Resource Report, a monthly investment advisory focusing on natural resources from Stansberry & Associates.
 
A regular contributor to Growth Stock Wire, Badiali has experience as a hydrologist, geologist and consultant to the oil industry, and holds a master’s degree in geology from Florida Atlantic University.
 
Here he tells The Gold Report‘s sister title The Mining Report that cheap oil prices and the economic prosperity they bring can make politicians and investors look smarter than they are. Hence Badiali’s forecast that Hillary Clinton…if elected in 2016…could go become one of America’s most popular presidents. Yes, really.
 
The Mining Report: You have said that Hillary Clinton could go down in history as one of the best presidents ever. Why?
 
Matt Badiali: Before we get your readership in an uproar, let me clarify that the oddsmakers say that Hillary Clinton is probably going to take the White House in the next election. Even Berkshire Hathaway CEO Warren Buffet said she is a slam dunk. I’m not personally a huge fan of Hillary Clinton, but I believe whoever the next president is will ride a wave of economic benefits that will cast a rosy glow on the administration.
 
Her husband benefitted from the same lucky timing. In the 1980s, people had money and felt secure. It wasn’t because of anything Bill Clinton did. He just happened to step onto the train as the economy started humming. Hillary is going to do the same thing. In this case, an abundance of affordable energy will fuel that glow. The fact is things are about to get really good in the United States.
 
TMR: Are you saying shale oil and gas production can overcome all the other problems in the country?
 
Matt Badiali: Cheap natural gas is already impacting the economy. In 2008, we were paying $14 per thousand cubic feet. Then, in March 2012, the price bottomed below $2 because we had found so much of it. We quit drilling the shale that only produces dry gas because it wasn’t economic. You can’t really export natural gas without spending billions to reverse the natural gas importing infrastructure that was put in place before the resource became a domestic boom. The result is that natural gas is so cheap that European and Asian manufacturing companies are moving here. Cheap energy trumps cheap labor any day.
 
The same thing is happening in tight crude oil. We are producing more oil today than we have in decades. We are filling up every tank, reservoir and teacup because we need more pipelines. And it is just getting started. Companies are ramping up production and hiring lots of people. By 2016, the US will have manufacturing, jobs and a healthy export trade. It will be an economic resurgence of epic proportions.
 
TMR: The economist and The Prize author Daniel Yergin forecasted US oil production of 14 million barrels a day by 2035. What are the implications for that both in terms of infrastructure and price?
 
Matt Badiali: Let’s start with the infrastructure. The US produces over 8.5 million barrels a day right now; a jump to 14 would be a 65% increase. That would require an additional 5.5 million barrels a day.
 
To put this in perspective, the growth of oil production from 2005 to today is faster than at any other time in American history, including the oil boom of the 1920s and 1930s. And we’re adding it in bizarre places like North Dakota, places that have never produced large volumes of oil in the past.
 
North Dakota now produces over 1.1 million barrels a day, but doesn’t have the pipeline capacity to move the oil to the refineries and the people who use it. There also aren’t enough places to store it. The bottlenecks are knocking as much as $10 per barrel off the price to producers and resulting in lots of oil tankers on trains.
 
And it isn’t just happening in North Dakota. Oil and gas production in Colorado, Ohio, Pennsylvania and even parts of Texas is overwhelming our existing infrastructure. That is why major pipeline and transportation companies have exploded in value. They already have some infrastructure in place and they have the ability to invest in new pipelines.
 
The problem we are facing in refining is that a few decades ago we thought we were running out of the good stuff, the light sweet crude oil. So refiners invested $100 billion to retool for the heavier, sour crudes from Canada, Venezuela and Mexico. That leaves little capacity for the new sources of high-quality oil being discovered in our backyard. That limited capacity results in lower prices for what should be premium grades.
 
One solution would be to lift the restriction on crude oil exports that dates back to the 1970s, when we were feeling protectionist. It is illegal for us to export crude oil. And because all the new oil is light sweet crude, the refiners can only use so much. That means the crude oil is piling up.
 
Peak oil is no longer a problem, but peak storage is. If we could ship the excess overseas, producers would get a fair price for the quality of their products. That would lead them to invest in more discovery. However, if they continue to get less money for their products, investment will slow. 
 
TMR: Is everything on sale, as Rick Rule likes to say?
 
Matt Badiali: Everything is on sale. But the great thing about oil is it is not like metals. It is cyclical, but it’s critical. If you want your boats to cross oceans, your airplanes to fly, your cars to drive and your military to move, you have to have oil. You don’t have to buy a new ship today, which would take metals. But if you want that sucker to go from point A to point B, you have to have oil. That’s really important. There have been five cycles in oil prices in the last few years.
 
Oil prices rise and then fall. That’s what we call a cycle. Each cycle impacts both the oil price and the stock prices of oil companies. These cycles are like clockwork. Their periods vary, but it’s been an annual event since 2009. Shale, especially if we can export it, could change all of that.
 
The rest of the world’s economy stinks. Russia and Europe are flirting with recession. China is a black box, but it is not as robust as we thought it was. Extra supply in the US combined with less demand than expected is leading to temporary low oil prices. But strategically and economically, oil is too important for the price to get too low for too long.
 
I was recently at a conference in Washington DC where International Energy Agency Executive Director Maria van der Hoeven predicted that without significant investment in the oil fields in the Middle East, we can expect a $15 per barrel increase in the price of oil globally by 2025.
 
I don’t foresee a lot of people investing in those places right now. A shooting war is not the best place to be invested. I was in Iraq last year and met the Kurds, and they’re wonderful people. This is just a nightmare for them. And for the rest of the world it means a $15 increase in oil.
 
For investors, the prospect of oil back at $100 per barrel is not the end of the world. With oil prices down 20% from recent highs and the best companies down over 30% in value, it is a buying opportunity. It means the entire oil sector has just gone on sale, including the companies building the infrastructure.
 
As oil prices climb back to $100, companies will continue to invest in producing more oil. And that will turn Hillary Clinton’s eight-year presidency into an economic wonderland.
 
TMR: The last time you and I chatted, you explained that different shales have different geology with different implications for cracking it, drilling it and transporting it. Are there parts of the country where it’s cheaper to produce and companies will get higher prices?
 
Matt Badiali: The producers in the Bakken are paying about twice as much to ship their oil by rail as the ones in the Permian or in Texas are paying to put it in a pipeline. The Eagle Ford is still my favorite quality shale and it is close to existing pipelines and export infrastructure, if that becomes a viable option. There are farmers being transformed into millionaires in Ohio as we speak, thanks to the Utica Shale.
 
TMR: What about the sands providers? Is that another way to play the service companies?
 
Matt Badiali: Absolutely. The single most important factor in cracking the shale code is sand. If the pages of a book are the thin layers of rocks in the shale, pumping water is how the producers pop the rock layers apart and sand is the placeholder that props them open despite the enormous pressure from above. Today, for every vertical hole, drillers create long horizontals and divide them into 30+ sections with as much as 1,500 pounds of sand per section. A single pad in the Eagle Ford could anchor four vertical holes with four horizontal legs requiring the equivalent of 200 train car loads of sand.
 
Investors need to distinguish between companies that provide highly refined sand for oil services and companies that bag sand for school playgrounds. Fracking sand is filtered and graded for consistency to ensure the most oil is recovered. Investors have to be careful about the type of company they are buying.
 
TMR: Coal still fuels a big chunk of the electricity in the US Can a commodity be politically incorrect and a good investment?
 
Matt Badiali: Coal has a serious headwind, and it’s not just that it’s politically incorrect. It competes with natural gas as an electrical fuel so you would expect the two commodities would trade for roughly the same price for the amount of electricity they can generate, but they don’t. The Environmental Protection Agency is enacting emission standards that are effectively closing down coal-fired power plants. And because it is baseload power, you can’t easily shut it off and turn it back on; it has to be maintained. That means it doesn’t augment variable power like solar, as well as natural gas, which can be turned on and off like a jet engine turbine. So coal has two strikes against it. It is dirty and it isn’t flexible.
 
Some coal companies could survive this transition, however. Metallurgical coal (met coal) companies, which produce a clean coal for making steel, have better prospects than steam coal. Along with steam coal, met coal prices are at a six-year low. 
 
Generally, I want to own coal that can be exported to India or China, where they really need it. Japan has replaced a lot of its nuclear power with coal and Germany restarted all the coal-fired power plants it had closed because of carbon emissions goals. We are already seeing deindustrialization there due to high energy prices. Cheap energy sources, including coal, will be embraced. I just don’t know when.
 
TMR: Thank you for your time, Matt.
 
Matt Badiali: Thank you.
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Oct 29

Don’t Get Bullish on Gold Below $1350

Gold Price Comments Off on Don’t Get Bullish on Gold Below $1350
This month’s “triple bottom” is not, repeat NOT, confirmed says this technical analyst…
 

WAYNE KAUFMAN is chief market analyst at Phoenix Financial in New York.
 
Regularly quoted in the media and interviewed on Fox, CNBC and the BBC, Kaufman produces a daily report for Phoenix, is a member of the Market Technicians Association, and has taught level 3 of the MTA’s three-level online course for Chartered Market Technician candidates.
 
Here Kaufman speaks to Mike Norman on behalf of Hard Assets Investor about how he sees the big picture right now…
 
Hard Assets Investor: We’ve seen some crazy gyrations in gold, in the Dollar, in oil, even in stocks. Summarize how it looks to you.
 
Wayne Kaufman: In terms of US equities, we’ve been watching a deterioration of underlying market breadth, that hasn’t shown up, or had not shown up in the major indexes until the last couple of weeks. But for the last three or four months, we’ve been watching small-caps get decimated. And then the midcaps followed. And then the large-caps, S&P 500, had a peak recently. But the breadth was terrible.
 
And now the stocks have rolled over. It’s to the point where you’ve only got about 18% of S&P 1500 stocks over their own 50-day moving average, less than one in five. About one in three are still over their 200-day moving average. So that underlying deterioration came through and pulled down the majors.
 
HAI: Now with small stocks weak like that, wouldn’t that suggest general economic weakness, or at least a tipoff to that effect, that we’re seeing basically small, medium-sized businesses not doing very well?
 
Kaufman: Definitely. You’re right. You’re talking about changes taking place. The question in the mind of investors right now is, we’re seeing the weakness in China, in Europe, in Germany suddenly rolling over. You’ve got the price of oil. It’s all of these things that are turning dramatically. Is this a long-term trend change? Or is this just going to be short term? Is it just typical October stuff, in the case of equities? That’s what we’re going to find out over the next few weeks.
 
HAI: But is there really a downside, when people know the central banks are going to be there, push comes to shove?
 
Kaufman: There, at a point, is only going to be so much that the central banks can do. I was recently asked by a news outlet to give my projections for the S&P, and my reasoning. My No. 1 reason for being bullish is central banks around the world will do everything possible to prevent a global recession. Are they really able to do much more? We know they’ll try. Are they going to wait too long before they do? How effective can they be?
 
HAI: Last time you were here, you were negative on gold. And that play worked out pretty well. How do you see things panning out from this point?
 
Kaufman: I see short-term, over-sold and over-bearish sentiment. So a bounce is definitely in the cards, especially if there’s some short covering by people who are short the futures. But when I was here last time, I said I couldn’t get bullish unless gold broke $1400 or so. Now that number is a little lower.
 
HAI: Where is it?
 
Kaufman: $1300. I need to see $1350 at least, because you do have a potential triple bottom. A lot of people say, “Oh, triple bottom.” It’s a potential triple bottom that doesn’t get confirmed until you break unimportant resistance. Unless we can get above $1350, I’m not going to start thinking about getting bullish, except for oversold, over-bearish bounces.
 
HAI: We had a guest recently talking about the death of gold. Reminds me of the death of equities back on the infamous 1979 Business Weekcover. What do you make of that?
 
Kaufman: I agree. That’s why I’m saying I could see a bounce here, because it’s oversold, and it’s over-pessimistic. Levels of pessimism are extreme. And when you see that, that’s a good time to take the other side of that trade. The question is, how much staying power? You’re talking about commodities going down. The Dollar has been strong, which is a little too much bullishness in the Dollar. That certainly can be capped here.
 
But oil is just amazing. For years, you always said that the Saudis controlled the price of oil. You were 100% right. Because they’re the only country that really has significant excess capacity. Right now, are the Saudis purposely trying to drive the price of oil down, so that they can try and put a cap on fracking and energy exploration and production here in the States?
 
HAI: The shale guys, the shale producers.
 
Kaufman: Potentially an amazing tactical war going on between the Saudis and the US, in terms of oil production.
 
HAI: I saw an example of that back in the ’80s, when I was an oil trader on the floor of this very exchange, when they crashed the price down. That was a message sent to the non-Opec producers, the North Sea guys in particular. So I think you’re absolutely right. 
 
You mentioned the Dollar. That was a surprise to most people, because we had this narrative, for a long time, about money printing, and central banks, and quantitative easing, and hyperinflation and the Fed doing all this. Yet, look at the Dollar.
 
Kaufman: I don’t want to seem like I’m complimenting you because you’re the host, but you said this a long time ago.
 
HAI: Don’t hold back…
 
Kaufman: You said a long time ago, all the inflation guys, that they were wrong, they were going to be wrong. You were 100% right. So it was a big surprise. Now, as a technician, I called the Dollar going up at a point when I saw it giving me buy signals. I don’t do it the intuitive or the economist way. It’s extremely overbought. And it’s extremely over-bullish. It has been taking a pause. I think it’ll continue to pause here. It’s just too many people on that side of the trade at this point.
 
HAI: We heard comments recently from New York Fed President William Dudley, to the effect that a Dollar that’s too strong might hinder our ability to achieve our goals. Hint, hint, a little bit of code words there…
 
Kaufman: You’re right. But the problem they have is that the strong Dollar is going to hurt exports, obviously. But you’ve got S&P 500 companies due in the neighborhood of 40% of revenues, 50% of profits overseas. So, whether it’s from the strong Dollar or just because the economies overseas are very weak right now, no matter how you go on that, it’s going to be a problem. And the world economy needs to clear up. We’re not an island unto ourselves; it will affect us. And I think that’s what equities are starting to show.
 
HAI: Good points. Wayne, always great to have you here. Thanks very much.
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Oct 27

Gold as Investment Insurance

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Just how much is enough? It depends on how you judge the risk of a serious stockmarket crash…
 

YOU WAKE UP in the morning, turn on the news, and get a sick feeling in your stomach, writes Brian Hunt, editor-in-chief at Porter Stansberry’s research group, Stansberry & Associates.
 
The stock market is crashing again. Another big Wall Street bank has failed. Your 401(k) has lost another 25%. It’s bleeding value every week.
 
Your dream of early retirement is history. You’ve lost so much money in stocks that even a “regular” retirement is in jeopardy. If you live a long life, there’s no way you’ll have enough money.
 
This is the financial disaster scenario that terrifies a lot of investors. It’s what kept people up at night during the 2008 credit crisis.
 
Could it happen again? Could another crisis cause the value of the US Dollar to collapse? Could the stock market suffer another epic decline?
 
Many people say the answer to these questions is “yes”.
 
Fortunately, I don’t need to know the answer to these questions…and neither do you.
 
The good news is that it’s very easy to buy insurance against financial disasters like these. I personally own this insurance. Many of the smartest, wealthiest people I know own it, too. It could mean the difference between a comfortable, early retirement…and just barely getting by.
 
First, it’s important to agree on what “insurance” is. In my book, buying insurance comes down to spending a little bit of money to hedge yourself against a disaster.
 
Throughout our lives, we spend a little bit of money on insurance and hope we never have to use it. For example, home insurance costs a small fraction of your home’s value. Buy it and hope you never have to use it. Same goes for car insurance. It costs a fraction of your car’s value, so you buy it and hope you never have to use it.
 
It’s the same with investment insurance. You can buy “investment insurance” and hope to never have to use it.
 
There are hundreds of wealth and investment insurance policies out there. They involve intricate details, lots of forms to sign, and payment of big fees to advisors and salesmen (which are often the same thing).
 
I’d rather keep things simple and keep money in my pocket instead of a salesman’s pocket. Here’s how you can do it…
 
Put a small portion of your wealth in gold bullion.
 
That’s it.
 
That’s all it takes to insure yourself against a financial disaster.
 
No complicated insurance products. No big fees to pay. Just pay a small commission to a gold seller, store the gold in a safe place, and you’re done.
 
Here’s why this “insurance” is important…
 
Some popular market gurus are predicting a global depression, a collapse in the Dollar, and a huge increase in the price of gold. The chances of them being right are relatively slim. People have been predicting the “next depression” for 30 years. The world just has a way of not ending.
 
However, the “doom and gloom” gurus bring up some good points. They aren’t crazy. There are some big risks to our financial system. The US government is spending way too much money on wars, Obamacare, welfare, and other programs. Europe and China’s economies could decline and trigger a global recession. These are all real risks to your retirement account.
 
I’m no doom-and-gloomer. I think the economy will deal with these risks and keep growing. Again, the world just has a way of not ending like so many people believe it will. That’s why I want to own stocks, bonds, and real estate. These assets will do well if the crap doesn’t hit the fan.
 
However, I also want insurance in case I’m wrong and the potential disaster that some are predicting takes place. People would likely flock to gold in a global financial disaster…and cause its price to soar.
 
That’s why it makes sense to buy gold as a form of insurance.
 
The good news is that you don’t have to buy a huge amount of gold to have a good insurance policy. You can place just 5% of your portfolio into gold.
 
Let’s say you have a $100,000 portfolio with 95% of it in blue-chip stocks and income-paying bonds. You place the remaining 5% of your portfolio into gold. This gives you $95,000 in stocks and bonds and $5,000 in gold.
 
If the predicted financial disaster doesn’t strike, your stocks and bonds will increase in value. Your gold will probably hold steady in price or decline a little. Since the bulk of your portfolio is in stocks and bonds, you’ll do just fine.
 
But what if the financial disaster strikes? I’ve heard some top financial analysts say gold could climb to $7,000 an ounce in the financial-disaster scenario.
 
Let’s say a financial disaster sends the value of your stocks and bonds down 50%. That would be a massive decline. Throughout history, only the worst, most severe bear markets sent stocks down this much.
 
This epic financial disaster would cut your $95,000 stock and bond position by 50%, leaving you with $47,500. But let’s say this disaster also causes gold to rise to $7,000 an ounce. Right now, gold is $1,230 per ounce. A rise to $7,000 would produce a more-than-fivefold increase in the value of your gold. It would cause the value of your $5,000 gold stake to rise to about $28,455.
 
Post-financial disaster, you’re left with $75,955 ($47,500 from stocks and bonds + $28,455 from gold). The disaster still hits you, but not nearly as hard. Your insurance played a big role in limiting the damage.
 
But what if you think the chances of financial disaster are higher than “unlikely”? What if you’re more worried than the average Joe?
 
If you are, simply increase the “insurance” portion of your portfolio. Instead of a 5% position in gold, you could increase it to 20%.
 
If the previously mentioned financial disaster were to strike your $100,000 portfolio weighted 80% in stocks/bonds and 20% in gold, the math works out like this:
 
The 50% decline in your $80,000 stocks/bond position leaves you with $40,000. Gold’s increase to $7,000 an ounce makes your $20,000 gold position increase to $113,821.
 
Your large gold insurance position actually produces a net gain in this scenario. You’re left with $153,821…an increase of more than 50%.
 
As you can see, the larger your gold-insurance policy, the better you do in the financial-disaster scenario. But if the financial disaster doesn’t strike, you won’t benefit as much because you hold less money in stocks and bonds, which do well if the economy carries on. And keep in mind…it would take a serious financial disaster to send stocks down by 50% and gold to $7,000.
 
Depending on what you think the chances of financial disaster are, you can adjust your gold-insurance policy. It all depends on your goals and beliefs.
 
Think the chances of disaster are slim? Consider a gold-insurance policy equivalent to 1%-5% of your portfolio. Think the chances of disaster are high? Consider a gold-insurance policy equivalent to 20% of your portfolio.
 
Are the “gloom and doom” gurus right? Is financial disaster around the corner? I don’t know the answer. Nobody does. But if you buy some “investment insurance” in the form of gold, you don’t need to know the answer. It’s simple. It’s easy. It’s low-cost.
 
You buy gold and hope to never have to use it. You’ll do fine if things carry on. You’ll do fine if the crap hits the fan.
 
And the peace of mind you get from owning gold “insurance” is worth even more than the money it could save you.
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Oct 19

I See Two Horsemen

Gold Price Comments Off on I See Two Horsemen
Patience needed, but the Dollar has been rising with the Gold/Silver Ratio…
 

The BLACK LINE is where we have been, writes Gary Tanashian in his Notes from the Rabbit Hole. The blue line is a projection of what a typical correction (whether a healthy interim one or a bear market kick off) might look like.
 
 
We used real charts of the Dow, S&P 500 and Nasdaq 100 to gauge the entry into the current correction and now the resistance points to the expected bounce off of the US market’s first healthy sentiment reset in quite some time. But our cartoon above gives you the favored plan on how the correction could play out.
 
Last week, the market bounced on what can only be viewed as a sad attempt by a Fed member (a perceived Hawk, no less) to jawbone a stop to the impulsive bearishness. The strength of the US Dollar and first decent correction since 2011 seems to have spooked the folks over at Policy Central and suddenly they are talking QE again. That does not inspire confidence, if you are a bull.
 
Be that as it may, we have been due for a bounce to clean out the over bearish and over sold conditions. We are making no claims to know whether or not this is a bear market kick-off because when the process is complete per the sketch above, a trade-worthy rally should materialize when a notable low is ground out.
 
An impulsive straight line drop, to support though it is in many cases (ref. the real charts of the Semiconductors and the Banks), and recovery on policy makers’ jawboning is not usually a path to sustained recovery.
 
NFTRH is managing a bounce (the first ‘up’ phase of the blue line above) until/unless it proves it is more than that. Traders should be nimble. If the projection proves out, a renewed decline into November could follow, which should come out of a good setup for bearishly inclined traders.
 
Moving on, volatility is back and while it seemed to come out of nowhere, it was easily readable in advance by steadily declining junk vs. quality bond yields spreads, declining index and sector participation rates and of course, the strong US Dollar (which is decidedly not on the favored agenda of asset-friendly policy makers), among several other indicators we tracked into and through the first part of the correction.
 
Per the scenario above, in the likely event a bottom has not yet been registered, one will eventually be ground out and it should be good for a trade at least. Personally, I have positioned for a bounce right here but that is not recommended for anyone who is not willing to trade on a dime, in-day and in-week. The answer to the question ‘cyclical bull ender or not?’ does not need to come yet, but there is going to be data galore going forward. We’ll work the data as it comes in. Meanwhile, an intermediate bear trend is in force.
 
We had gauged the outperformance of the Emerging Markets (EEM vs. SPY) for much of this year, but when the ratio broke down we noted it in real time. So we shorted the EM’s and prepared for coming bearishness in US markets. We have been charting Europe’s decline for months now, initially shorting Spain, which had previously been our guide to the upside speculative impulse that took hold in Europe.
 
Global markets are nearly but not yet broken with Europe and the World index at key big picture support, the Emerging Markets having made a false breakout and failure, China actually looking interesting here, Japan playing the ‘push me, pull you’ game with its currency and Canada doing some bearish things as the TSX not only loses its blue sky breakout, but starts snapping support levels. The TSX-V (CDNX) is leading the way down and is flat out destroyed right along with any speculative spirits in the world of scammy little Canadian ‘resource’ plays.
 
Early in 2014 we charted the CCI index of commodities, and its hold of critical support at 500 as well as its resistance to the breakout and rally that followed. More recently we managed the decline to and through that support level while maintaining a “not interested” stance the whole way. Commodities can bounce with any ‘inflation trade’ bounce (watch TIP-TLT and other inflation expectations indicators) that may manifest.
 
We were not interested in commodities because we were given no reason to have a favorable view of inflation expectations, which through the TIP-TLT ratio were gauged to be burrowing through the floor week after week. This was also another negative for the US stock market, which had been feasting like Goldilocks on the bears’ porridge.
 
Foremost among the indicators have been Yield Curves generally favoring US stocks and hurting gold, until the curve burst upward beginning last week. This has not surprisingly come with the US stock market correction. If the market bounces, the curve can decline and junk-quality bond spreads can bounce. Also, the VIX needs a rest.
 
The big daddy of indicators however, has been the Two Horsemen, i.e. the Gold-Silver ratio and the US Dollar rising together. This was an indicator of failing liquidity which NFTRH and indeed our public website, noted in real time.
 
It is the indicators even more so than straight up technical analysis that will help us decide whether or not the bull market has ended as we move forward through coming data points.
 
Deflationary and economic growth troubles across the globe are blamed for the recent strength in the US Dollar and to a degree that holds merit. The other support has been the very real economic recovery in the US (beginning with the Semiconductor sector) born of very unreal (i.e. unnatural and unsustainable) policy inputs.
 
Naturally, it stands to reason that if Dollar compromising policy is promoted to keep assets aloft, then a strong Dollar is unwelcome. Because not only would it begin to eat away at exporting sectors like manufacturing, but it would also make assets less expensive. But that should be a good thing, no? Declining prices in things like oil, food and services? Not on the one-way street that is our current system of Inflation onDemand.
 
The Yen is strong lately and the Euro can gain a bounce bid. This means that the USD can continue to weaken from its impulsively over bought and over loved levels. But on the big picture USD has been moving upward from a long-term basing pattern.
 
Gold is meantime favored over silver, given the move in the Gold/Silver Ratio and diminishing global liquidity. Beyond that, gold’s fundamentals have not been constructive for some time now, no matter how often idealists click the heels of their ruby slippers.
 
That was then, this is now. Gold is counter cyclical per the Gold-Commodities chart in this post. This one chart is the very reason that NFTRH never did take its focus off the biggest picture view of an ongoing global economic contraction in progress. This would be the gateway to a real bull market in gold mining stocks, but it is also the more difficult pathway because the inflationists get weeded out along the way as silver does not go to the moon and lazy analysis gets punished, not rewarded.
 
Gold stocks are counter cyclical and macro indicators, and they say we may be at the start of grinding out a counter cyclical phase. But note the word grind. That’s what it has been and what it could continue to be for a while yet. As gold slowly asserts itself vs. cyclical commodities, cost-input fundamentals gradually improve in the industry and as gold slowly asserts itself vs. stock markets an important component of investor psychology slowly comes into place.
 
Patience…the macro does not pivot over night.
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Oct 16

What the Panic’s All About

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Stock markets are sinking for nothing. And everything…
 

As RON BURGUNDY said in Anchorman, writes Greg Canavan in The Daily Reckoning Australia, “Boy…that escalated quickly. I mean that really got out of hand fast.”
 
Indeed it did. It was a wild night of trading on US markets Wednesday. The S&P500 was down 3% at one point, before finishing just 0.8% lower. US Treasury yields plunged on fears of lower economic growth while gold momentarily surged $25 an ounce and closed out the session up nearly $20 an ounce.
 
An afternoon rally saved Wall Street. Apparently – and this is really pathetic if there’s any truth to it – rumours surfaced that Janet Yellen thought the US recovery was on track, despite worries coming from Europe.
 
There were no such comments from Mario Draghi in Europe. As a result, European stocks took a beating. French and Spanish stocks fell more than 3.5%, while German and British bourses fell nearly 3%. But the rally in the US came after Europe closed for the day.
 
So what’s all the panic about? Nothing in particular, it seems. Or nothing and everything, all at once.
 
These panic liquidations represent a psychological shift in trader positioning. It’s representative of complacency giving way to risk aversion. And it has given way big time in the past few weeks.
 
You can see this change in the volatility index, the ‘VIX’, in the chart below. Also known as the fear index, you can clearly see the ‘fear spike’ since the start of October. This comes just a few months after volatility levels were the lowest since early 2007.
 
 
In other words, something has clearly changed in the mindset of the market. In the short term, it’s probably gone too far…and you can expect to see a rally soon and a diminishment of the current high levels of fear.
 
But you should take the surge seriously. This is the highest level of fear since the Euro crisis of 2011. Except now there’s no discernible crisis. That’s the worrying bit. The market is saying that something is wrong. It’s not immediately apparent, but something isn’t quite right.
 
Maybe it’s fear of the effects of a slowing global economy…an economy that has a truckload more debt weighing on it than it did before the last downturn. The Telegraph in the UK reports:
“Morgan Stanley calculates that gross global leverage has risen from $105 trillion to $150 trillion since 2007. Debt has risen to 275pc of GDP in the rich world, and to 175pc in emerging markets. Both are up 20 percentage points since 2007, and both are historic records.”
Yep, debt levels are a major problem. And they become a very big problem when economic growth slows. That’s because to service debt, you need to generate growth.
 
When growth stagnates or falls, the debt servicing burden becomes a problem. Debt-to-GDP ratios rise and there is less money left over in the economy for investment, wages and consumption.
 
Debt, especially unproductive government debt, has detrimental long term effects on an economy. Let it grow large enough and it will eventually choke an economy into recession/depression.
 
That the only apparent response to a slowdown in a debt-based monetary system is to increase debt levels tells you something is seriously wrong with the world’s system of ‘wealth creation’.
 
The only question now is how long it will take the Federal Reserve to start back-tracking on its ‘interest rate hike for 2015’ talk. After they do that, I wouldn’t be surprised to see them dip into the QE playbook…again. The big question though, it whether it will be too late to inject another round of confidence into the speculating community.
 
They’re wheeling Janet Yellen out to speak at the end of the week, so we may get an idea of just what the Fed is thinking. Yellen must be careful to retain the market’s confidence. That the US Federal Reserve has no idea what it’s doing is beside the point. What’s important is that the market thinks the Fed knows what it’s doing.
 
Yellen must keep this con game going at all costs. Good luck with that. When you’ve got a bunch of panicked, slobbering trader yahoos in your face desperate for some sign that you’ve got it all under control, any minor slip-up can be dangerous.
 
When traders panic, liquidity disappears in the blink of an eye. That’s because confidence creates liquidity, and fear destroys it. And right now it’s the fear of huge debt levels consuming economies that is weighing on traders’ minds.
 
Why it’s happening right now, when the issue has been around for a while, is irrelevant. The important point is that the punters are beginning to wake up to the risks. The only question is how much longer the Fed can continue to pull the wool over everyone’s eyes.
 
Can another bout of QE do the job for another six or 12 months?
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Oct 10

Soft Money Paradigm Breaking

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Disaster. Catastrophe. Go on – admit it holds a certain appeal…
 

IT MIGHT seem that today we are deeply devoted to the Mercantilist paradigm in monetary affairs, writes Nathan Lewis at New World Economics.
 
That is the notion of a floating fiat currency managed by a panel of bureaucrats, to address an ever-changing menu of issues including unemployment, exchange rates, financial markets, government funding, and the interests of one group or another.
 
Some people call this the Soft Money paradigm, characterized by the “Rule of Man”.
 
But, I think it is important that quite a few governments have actually abandoned this paradigm. They do not attempt to manage their economies by jiggering their currencies.
 
Rather, they adopt a simple fixed-value system: the value of the currency shall be X. There is no domestic discretionary element. This is the Classical paradigm, the Hard Money paradigm, in which the “Rule of Law” is primary.
 
But what is “X”? In the past, it was gold. A “gold standard system” is a system in which gold is the “standard of value,” ie, “X”.
 
A “Dollar” was once worth 23.2 troy grains of gold. Today, lots of countries have the same sort of arrangement, but they use the Euro as “X” instead of gold. This includes the eighteen members of the Eurozone, all of which have given up any avenue of domestic money-jiggering.
 
It is true that the Euro itself is a floating fiat currency, and that the ECB does take into consideration the concerns of Eurozone member states during its funny-money decision-making process. However, we also know that the ECB doesn’t really take orders from any one state, not even Germany, which is a little miffed at the central bank’s latest money-printing scheme.
 
We also know that there are many Mercantilist economists who declare loudly that any state that gets itself into trouble should have its own independent currency, which can supposedly be jiggered by its own independent board of incompetents to make all the boo-boos better, really we promise.
 
Thus, I would argue that the Euro is basically serving as an external monetary benchmark for these states, much as gold did in the past.
 
In addition, there are another ten small states and territories that use the Euro but are not officially part of the Eurozone. Also, there are twenty-eight countries, mostly in Africa, that have some sort of Euro link, mostly via a currency board system.
 
In total, there are fifty-five states and territories that have a Classical fixed-value system based on the Euro. The only difference between these “Euro standard systems” and a “gold standard system” is the choice of the “standard of value.”
 
The Classical ideal in money is very common today. But why use the Euro as a “standard of value” instead of gold?
 
The most basic reason is stability of exchange rates, or what I call the “terms of trade.” The smaller countries of Europe have always had a high degree of trade with each other. This does not only include imports and exports, but also financing and investment. Whatever the potential benefits of using gold as the “standard of value,” the fact is that to do so would introduce a lot of chaos into exchange rates with other Euro-using states, and other countries as well, which would be completely intolerable to businesspeople.
 
One of the primary attractions of a Classical fixed-value arrangement, rather than an independent floating fiat currency, is to gain all the advantages of stable trade relationships. That’s why Europe gave up their independent currencies and created the Euro in the first place.
 
This problem did not exist in the past. Before 1971, the major international currencies, and most minor currencies, were fixed to gold. Thus, a country that adopted gold as a “standard of value,” or “X” in a fixed-value system – the role the Euro plays today – would also have stable exchange rates with most major trading partners. There was no conflict.
 
At some point, the Euro may be so debauched as to render it completely unacceptable as a benchmark of value in a Classical fixed-value system. At that point, a government might either adopt another major international currency as its monetary “standard of value,” or it might use gold.
 
If the Euro reaches such a state – ECB chief Mario Draghi recently said he intends to make another trillion Euros appear out of thin air, I kid you not – then other major currencies would also likely be close behind, except for the Japanese Yen, which would be far ahead.
 
Thus, other major currencies would not likely satisfy those fifty-five former Euro enthusiasts either.
 
Then they might turn to gold – which actually has a rather lovely track record, and which actually was the monetary benchmark for most of those countries for a very long time already.
 
But when might that happen? History suggests that such a changeover does not happen until the former benchmark currency has been abused beyond all hope of renewal.
 
Disaster. Catastrophe. I admit it holds a certain appeal.
 
However, there is an alternative: to introduce gold-based currencies today, but to make them optional instead of mandatory. Thus, the present Euro-based and other fiat currencies would continue, but there would also be a gold-based alternative.
 
At first, this gold-based alternative might not be very popular. It would have a lot of exchange-rate volatility with the fiat Euro, Dollar, Yen and pound. Let’s be a bit Germanic and call it the goldmark, and give it the traditional value of 2790 goldmarks per kilogram of gold.
 
As today’s fiat currencies gradually lost their viability, people might decide, incrementally, that they want to keep at least part of their savings in terms of goldmarks, not Euros or Dollars. Borrowers find that they cannot issue debt or borrow money unless denominated in goldmarks; suppliers want to be paid in goldmarks; workers demand wages in goldmarks; and producers demand goldmarks in payment for their goods and services.
 
As more and more people use goldmarks (and other similar currencies that emerge), for their own personal interests, they find that they can also engage in trade with all the other people that use goldmarks, without the issue of unstable exchange rates. Thus, the issue of chaotic trade relationships gradually melts away.
 
But what if everything is fine? What if there is no disaster? People can still use goldmarks as they see fit – perhaps as an investment product much like the gold ETFs popular worldwide – but perhaps they would continue to use fiat Euros for most commercial situations. It works both ways. There is no downside.
 
The only problem, it seems, is that people are not aware that such a thing is possible, and in fact rather easy to do. Also, they don’t know how to do it. But, these are minor issues, really.
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Oct 03

Silver "a Screaming Buy", Crude Oil "Going to $60"

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The beautiful thing about pessimism towards junior precious metal miners…
 

KAL KOTECHA is editor and founder of the Junior Gold Report, a publication about small-cap mining stocks.
 
Kotecha has previously held leadership positions with many junior mining companies, and after completing a Master of Business Administration in finance in 2007, he is now working on his PhD in business marketing, and also teaches economics at the University of Waterloo.
 
Here Kal Kotecha tells The Gold Report‘s sister title, The Mining Report, that to obtain superior results, you cannot do what everyone else is doing. He maintains that much of the risk associated with junior resource equities has been beaten out by the herd mentality and that selectively buying what’s left presents opportunity…
 
The Mining Report: You’re the editor of Junior Gold Report, but you also follow similar-sized companies in the energy sector. Please give our readers an overview of the energy space.
 
Kal Kotecha: I’ve been involved in the space since 2002 and I’ve never witnessed anything like what is currently happening. In the energy sector, I see the price of uranium increasing, but to see price appreciation across energy stocks, the price of oil must remain near $100 per barrel. That benchmark could prove challenging, given the growing supply of shale oil in the US Texas produces as much oil as Iraq or about 3 million barrels of oil per day. Most of it comes from two sources: the Eagle Ford Shale in southwest Texas and the Permian Basin in west Texas. Chris Guith, senior vice-president of policy for the US Chamber of Commerce’s Institute for 21st Century Energy, estimates that recoverable resources amount to 120 years of natural gas, 205 years of oil and 464 years of coal at current demand levels.
 
Fracking has lowered the price of natural gas by about 70% over the previous seven years or so. The price of oil, especially in the US, should decrease to $60-70 per barrel on average because of shale oil. US dependency on imported oil should lessen, too.
 
TMR: Is that a near- or medium-term forecast?
 
Kal Kotecha: That’s a medium- to longer-term forecast. I don’t believe in peak oil theory. The US’ savior in the oil industry is going to be shale oil, and there is a lot of it. Ultimately, that’s going enhance the US economy. Basically everything runs on oil. The US won’t have to import as much oil from Saudi Arabia or even Canada.
 
TMR: What’s your price forecast for natural gas?
 
Kal Kotecha: Natural should stay between $4-6 per thousand cubic feet (Mcf). It’s more expensive in Europe, but in North America the floor should remain around $4/Mcf. I don’t think it’s going to go back up to $12 or down to $3.
 
TMR: You mentioned earlier that you expect uranium prices to rise.
 
Kal Kotecha: Uranium is an interesting space. As oil prices slowly decrease, the demand for uranium seems to increase. Geopolitical tensions, especially in Russia and Ukraine, could lead to much higher prices. Russia is a large uranium producer and Western nations might stop importing uranium from Russia if political fires burn much hotter.
 
As of last month, China had 21 nuclear power reactors operating on 8 sites and another 20 under construction. China’s National Development and Reform Commission intends to raise the percentage of electricity produced by nuclear power to 6% by 2020 from the current 2% as part of an effort to reduce air pollution from coal-fired plants. Ultimately, uranium demand will triple inside six years.
 
In India, the government is expected to spend nearly $150 billion to develop nuclear power over the next 10-15 years. India now has nuclear energy agreements with about a dozen countries and imports primarily from France, Russia and Kazakhstan.
 
TMR: In a recent note on Junior Gold Report you wrote, “I smell smoke, but where’s the fire?” in relation to the current sentiment in the junior precious metals market. What’s your conclusion?
 
Kal Kotecha: The current pessimism surrounding the junior precious metal space has largely contributed to the fall in price of the commodities, but the beautiful thing about pessimism and hate towards a market sector is that there is plenty of room for error. Fantastic opportunities arise when great companies have been undervalued due to negative news that does not have a long-term impact on the company. So how do you determine which stocks, in a beaten up resource market, are great buys?
 
TMR: Do you have an answer?
 
Kal Kotecha: One must understand the essential principles of intrinsic value and the margin of safety. The principle of intrinsic value determines the worth of a stock through a combination of the price and the condition of the company. So no matter how great a company is, it may not always be a good investment. As Howard Marks wrote in The Most Important Thing: Uncommon Sense for the Thoughtful Investor, investment success doesn’t come from buying good things, but rather from buying things well.
 
The principle of the margin of safety involves minimizing risk and then, therefore, minimizing the potential loss of one’s money. Dealing with risk is a necessary part of investing, as stock price fluctuations occur and are often unpredictable. If the risk perceived by the herd – general investors who follow the majority – is less than the actual risk, then the returns will outweigh the risks. So when consensus thinks something is risky, the general unwillingness to buy it pushes the price down to where it is no longer risky at all, given it still has intrinsic value, because all optimism has been driven out of the price.
 
TMR: What are some metrics to help investors?
 
Kal Kotecha: A junior mining company’s ability to produce resources at a cost below its market price is essential for its sustainability. Junior mining companies should be judged by their ownership of mines, the quality of these mines and how management has executed similar projects in the past. Determining whether this data has been incorporated into the stock price is essential when seeking undervalued companies. I think this is where a lot of resource investors get duped.
 
Do you smell the smoke? I suggest investigating the source. I’d say that the herd is done shouting fire, and smart investors are filling up their baskets with goodies. But don’t forget to do your research, check the facts and invest in a contrarian fashion. To obtain superior results, you cannot do what everyone else is doing.
 
TMR: Many investors have heard the adage “buy when there’s blood in the streets.” When should investors reasonably expect to start making money again, given the current market conditions?
 
Kal Kotecha: That’s a billion-Dollar question. A lot of colleagues have predicted prices that have not come true yet. The big upswing in gold in the late 1970s was followed by a collapse and we had to wait 20 years for another upswing. It’s already been three years. I don’t think we have to wait another 5 or 10 years, but there is going to be a time very soon where investors will be rewarded. I think when the upswing happens it’s going to be very parabolic. I think it’s going to take wings on its own. Patience will be rewarded.
 
TMR: What gold price are you using in your analysis?
 
Kal Kotecha: $1200 an ounce. Many factors go into determining the price of commodities, especially gold and silver. Some of these factors include price manipulation, which cannot be foreseen; geopolitical strife; and import quotas, which are happening in India. However, I remain very bullish on precious metals in the long-term.
 
The best buy right now is silver. Silver is a screaming steal at $18 per ounce. I first started buying silver at around $7 per ounce in 2003 and I sold quite a bit in the $48 range a few years ago. I’m starting to accumulate silver quite heavily again. The ratio of gold to silver prices is currently around 68:1. I see that going to 50:1. If there’s another precious metals mania, perhaps 25:1. Silver demand is also very high. A record 6,000 tonnes silver was imported into India last year – roughly 20% of global production.
 
TMR: What’s your advice for investors in the current junior resource market?
 
Kal Kotecha: I think a combination of five or six stocks in a portfolio with a mix of junior energy and mining equities is probably a good start. That’s what I do. It’s difficult for the average investor to follow more than five companies. 
 
TMR: Thank you for your insights, Kal.
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Oct 01

Gold Prices Killed by Not-So "Super" Dollar

Gold Price Comments Off on Gold Prices Killed by Not-So "Super" Dollar
Gold prices have been hammered by the rising US Dollar. What might October hold…?
 

DOLLAR UP, gold down, writes Adrian Ash at BullionVault.
 
That’s pretty much the lesson for precious metals investors looking at any long-term rise in the US Dollar since exchange rates began floating in 1973.
 
And now in late 2014, says former chief economist at Swiss bank UBS, George Magnus “It looks as though the third US Dollar uptrend of the post-Bretton Woods era may be underway.” Just so long as you also ignore his warning against “extrapolating” short-term noise into long-term forecasts…
Gold price vs. US Dollar Index, 1973 to 2014, daily data
Might Magnus be right? For gold prices, as the chart shows, it’s less the absolute level than the Dollar’s direction of travel that counts. Starting from all-time lows in spring 2011, today’s greenback hardly matches the “Super Dollar” of the early 1980s. Yet the background rhymes…
  • Commodities glut after a long bull market? Check…
  • Disinflation in consumer prices? Check…
  • Weak competitor economies in Europe? Check…
  • Over-borrowed emerging markets? Check…
  • Strong US monetary policy, raising rates on the Dollar? Well, no. Not by a long way.
Even with the Federal Reserve still sticking however to its “considerable” delay for raising rates from zero, the third-quarter of 2014 proved ugly for Dollar investors holding non-US assets.
 
Gold for US investors marked the end of Q3 by hitting new 2014 lows, losing 5.8% on the London PM Fix for the month of September alone. Silver fell to the lowest Dollar price since May 2010…down more than 12% from the end of August.
 
Yet gold priced in Euros, in contrast, remains near the top of its 12-month range. Even in the British Pound…flattered by Tuesday’s GDP revisions…gold has held 3% higher from New Year.
 
Gold’s recent drop, in other words, is entirely relative. And this split between Dollar and non-Dollar gold prices might widen in October.
 
First there is the European Central Bank’s meeting concluding Thursday. Mario Draghi and his team have long hinted at some kind of QE-style money printing. The latest inflation print of just 0.3% per year across the 18-nation union will loom large.
 
Then, in the last week of October, the US Federal Reserve will face the opposite problem. It is set to taper the last $15 billion of its monthly QE printing. That leaves rising inflation, and strong GDP, begging for an end to the “extended time” promised for zero US interest rates. 
 
Before then, we’ve got US jobs data Friday (with an early look in ADP’s private-sector estimate mid-week). Then, mid-month, the European Court of Justice will hear a legal challenge to the Eurozone central bank’s Outright Monetary Transactions (OMT)…the 2012 plan which finally stemmed the single currency’s debt crisis. 
 
Mario Draghi hasn’t actually fired any OMT money at weak-economy bonds yet. But if the Court decides the plan is illegal (insomniacs will enjoy reading the arguments here. Or better still here) it could spark fresh panic…out of Greek, Spanish and other debt-heavy markets…pulling the Euro lower again. 
 
Analysts are of course aligned with the Euro bears betting against the currency in the forex market. Barclays Bank today cut its 12-month forecast for EUR/USD from $1.25 to $1.10 – a move which, if matched by the Dollar’s other major crosses, would take the trade-weighted index to a decade high of 90 or so. Gold prices in 2004 were trading below $400 per ounce. So a blunt analysis, never mind the momentum in gold futures and options betting, says a fall in the Euro must push bullion prices lower again as the US Dollar surges. After all, it worked like clockwork in the other direction.
 
Gold up, Dollar down” was so solid between 2002 and 2008, it became a no-brainer trade for no-brain hedge funds. The US currency fell 30% against its major trading peers on the forex market. Gold meantime rose 160% in Dollar terms. But this relationship broke down during the financial crisis. Because gold kept rising…and rising…while the Dollar whipped higher.
 
What are the odds today? Playing the averages, and reviewing the last 40 years (daily data, 12-month change), gold has been twice as likely to rise when the US currency is weakening on the forex market than when the Dollar Index is getting stronger. And when gold drops hard…down 10% or more from 12 months before…the Dollar has been rising 91% of the time.
 
No-brain traders are betting this rule-of-thumb will hold firm as 2014 ends, and gold will keep falling in Dollar terms as the US currency gains versus the Euro, Yen, Pound and the rest. 
 
But watch out. Because since 1974, gold and the Dollar have also moved in the same direction some 30% of the time. And when gold rises as the Dollar also goes up (21% of the last 40 years), its gains have been markedly better on average than when the Dollar is falling. 
 
Yes, really. When gold has risen against a background of Dollar strength, gold priced in Dollars has gained 24% year-on-year on average. It’s averaged 18% gains when the Dollar’s been falling. 
 
Of course, investors tend to buy gold and the Dollar together when crisis hits. Not only, but not always either. You could cite any number of crises where gold failed to rise with the Dollar, and pitch them against the gold price surge of Soviet Russia invading Afghanistan in 1979, the 2008 Lehmans crash, or the 2010 Eurozone meltdown.
 
Never mind if those events sound at all familiar here in late 2014. Ignore the fact that a rising Dollar…plus rising gold…adds up to 30% more fun for non-US investors trying to defend their money against crisis. Financial markets have avoided seeing any trouble ahead all year. So far. As an investment banker puts it to the Financial Times today…applauding this year’s surge in global mergers and acquisitions…”I have never seen a market more resilient than it is today, in terms of absorbing geopolitical and financial risk.”
 
Such complacency is the reason gold investing exists, whatever the outlook for the Dollar (and “Everything seems to be Dollar positive,” says another forex strategist…also tempting fate).
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